India Export Data
Exports are goods or services produced in one country sold to another. In 2019, India exported 322.8 billion USD. Exports are a huge revenue earner for the country. It allows businesses to grow and compete internationally. Exports encourage companies to produce superior products at lower production costs. Selling to multiple markets allow companies to diversify. Companies can spread their risks as they are not affected by changes in the marketplace.
Products are transported either through road, sea, or airways. Around 90% of merchandise exported around the world through maritime transport. It is cost-effective and efficient. India has a large coastline with the Arabian Sea in the west, the Indian Ocean on the south, and the Bay of Bengal in the east. The total coastline of India is 7516.6 km long. India has 13 main ports and 200 minor ports.
The major export ports in India are given below-
Kandla Port, Gujarat
The Kandla Port (Maharao Khengargi Port Trust) is 90 km from the Gulf of Kutch and is in the Kandla Creek. Kandla port houses India’s first export processing plant. Kandla Port is the richest and busiest port in the country. Kandla Port export grains, textiles, cement, and salt.
Nhava Sheva, Maharashtra
Nhava Sheva or Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) is in Navi Mumbai. Nhava Sheva has the largest container port in the country. JNPT is well connected by road and rail to the hinterland. Some of the main exports from Nhava Sheva are knitted garments, sporting products, cotton shirts, frozen meats, and medicament.
Mumbai Port, Maharashtra
Mumbai Port Trust is also called Bombay port trust. The port handles 10% of the freight-handling and 19% of India total POL. It has a separate terminal for marine oil and has two terminals. Some of the main exports from Mumbai Port are motor vehicles, steel, oil, and coal.
Vishakapatnam Port, Andhra Pradesh
Vishakapatnam Port was built in 1933. The port is in South India and is one of the most important ports in the region. The port is divided into three harbors the outer, inner, and the fishing harbor. The main exports from the port are iron ore, engineering, liquid cargo, etc.
Chennai Port, Tamil Nadu
The Chennai Port was early known as the Madras Port. It is the second-largest container port in the country. It is the largest port in the Bay of Bengal. The port has an artificial all-weather port with wet docks. The main products exports from the Chennai port are engineering goods, textiles and garments, and agro products, etc.
Cochin Port, Kerala
The Cochin Port is in Kerala and is on the Arabian Sea. Its proximity to the Indian Ocean increases the significance of Cochin Port. Cochin Port has the largest transshipment facility in India. The main products exported from Cochin Port are tea, cashew, coir and coir products, coffee, pepper, cardamom, and other spices.
Kolkata Port, West Bengal
The Kolkata port is close to the Bay of Bengal on the river Hugli. Kolkata ports have two dock systems in Kolkata and the other at Hubli. The main products exported are jute products, tea, coal, steel, iron ore, etc.
Tuticorin Port, Tamil Nadu
Tuticorin Port is in Tamil Nadu. It is a busy port and has the 4th largest cargo port in the country. The port is in the Gulf of Mannar it is strategic location protects the port from storms and cyclones. The main products exported from Tuticorin Port are granite, salt, sugar, cement, etc.
Ennore Port, Tamil Nadu
Ennore Port or Kamarajar Port Limited is on the Coramandel Coast is close to Chennai. Ennore Port is a private port. The port has excellent road and rail connectivity. The main exports from Ennore ports are cars, machinery, parts, and accessories of motor vehicles, etc.
Panambur Port, Karnataka
Panambur Port (New Mangalore Port) is in Karnataka. The all-weather port has 17 births. The main imports from Panambur Port are coffee, iron ore, manganese, etc.
Paradip Port, Orissa
Paradip Port is a natural deepwater port located in Orissa. It is located at the convergence of Mahanadi River and the Bay of Bengal. The port has its railway system. The main exports from Paradip port are iron-ore and coal.
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