What is a certificate of origin for export?

Export Import News

18-Nov-2022

Companies that are members or non-members of ICC can obtain non-preferential certificates of origin. This document attests to the fact that all of the export goods were obtained, produced, or made in India. Typically, it is a crucial component of export documentation. Exporters must provide the Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC) with a permanent indemnification bond in order to receive a Certificate of Origin on a regular basis. In this article, we will discuss the certificate of origin for export in detail.

Know about Certificate of Origin for Exports

A certificate of origin is a document that certifies the provenance of imported goods in any nation. These certificates are necessary for exporters to show where their products originate from and to lay their claim to any benefits that products of Indian origin may be entitled to in the exporting nation. Numerous details are included in the Certificate of Origin, including the nature of the product, its final destination, and the exporting nations. As stipulated by international treaties and trade agreements, it is a requirement for export or cross-border trade.

The Indian Chamber of Commerce and the Trade Promotion Council of India both offer Certificates of Origin. For exporters in India to demonstrate that the goods they are shipping are made in India, they must present the certificate issued by these two organisations. Additionally, it demonstrates that the exported goods were entirely bought, made, or produced in India. Millions of Certificates of Origin are distributed globally to promote trade and business.

The exporter must sign a Certificate of Origin and attach a permanent indemnification bond to a piece of non-judicial stamp paper costing Rs. 10 that has been correctly notarized (format for Indemnity Bond is available with the Certificate of Origin Dept). The Chamber of Commerce or another appropriate entity must also sign and seal the certificate. It is the document that is most frequently used to demonstrate the origin of items.

A Certificate of Origin is mostly needed for customs clearance. The Customs officer in charge of checking the products will not let the exported or imported goods leave the warehouse if they lack a Certificate of Origin. The Customs officer uses the Certificate of Origin to ascertain the duties that must be paid and to determine if the commodities being exported or imported are legitimate.

Types of Certificate of Origin

1. Non-Preferential Certificate of origin

Non-Preferential COs attests to the lack of preferential treatment for the items. They are also referred to as "Normal COs" and are the most common sort of COs that a chamber can issue. Exporters may apply with the following documents if they want a non-preferential Certificate of Origin:

  • Information about the quantity and place of origin of the inputs and consumables utilised in the export product.

  • Packing List in duplicate for the relevant invoice, in two copies.

  • Fee up to Rs. 100 per certificate, as determined by the relevant authorities.

Preferential Certificate of origin

Preferential Certificate of origin, which confirms that products exported to nations offering these benefits are liable to waived or reduced duties. These COs frequently have strong ties to regional trade agreements. The arrangement/scheme under which India is receiving tariff preferences for its exports are:

  • Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)
  • Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP)
  • SAARC Preferential Trading Agreement (SAPTA)
  • Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
  • India-SriLanka Free Trade Agreement (ISLFTA)
  • Indo-Thailand Free Trade Agreement
  • India-Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (IMCECA)
  • India-Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
  • India-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IJCEPA)
  • ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement

Documents Required for Certificate of origin for Exports

There are several documents required for a certificate of origin for exports.

  • A letter of cover for the Certificate of Origin.
  • Information on the exporting product
  • A duplicate copy of the packing list for the relevant invoice.
  • One invoice copy for items specific invoice of Indian Origin and manufacture
  • Nine Certificates of Origin copies.
  • The applicable fee for each certificate.

How to Obtain an Origin Certificate

To obtain a Certificate of Origin, one must contact various agencies, depending on the country to which they are exporting and whether special tariff rates are offered when exporting to specific nations. The Handbook of Procedures, Vol. 1, has a list of accredited organisations. Any agency that is listed in Appendix 4C of the Hand Book Procedures Vol. 1 must be contacted in order to get a non-preferential Certificate of Origin. One must contact the organisations specified under Appendix 4A of the Hand Book Procedures Vol.1 to get a preferred Certificate of Origin.

Conclusion

A certificate of origin (CO) is a document that identifies the nation of origin of a commodity in international trade. The product's characteristics and the names of the exporter and importer are also included in the CO. When a tariff or other import duty is necessary, the CO is employed for customs reasons. When a regional free trade agreement is in existence, a preferential CO may be employed because less information and scrutiny are required. Exporters are in charge of obtaining and completing a CO, and they typically have the support of the neighbourhood chamber of commerce. At ExportImportData, you can get valuable market analysis and trading reports around the world. We provide reliable Export Data. If you have any queries related to the trading business, our professionals will assist you and help to expand your business globally. 

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